Image in Cardiology
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation and transcarotid approach
TAVI e acesso transcarotideo
Isaac Pascual, , Pablo Avanzas, César Morís
Área del Corazón, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Spain
Received 10 March 2016, Accepted 14 March 2016

We present a 73-year-old man with severe aortic stenosis (area 0.6 cm2) and left ventricular dysfunction in New York Heart Association class III. He had a previous history of hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and porcelain aorta. His logistic EuroSCORE was 20.01% and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 2.78%.

After careful evaluation by the heart team, the patient was referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Femoral and left subclavian routes were not suitable for the procedure due to calcified and severe stenoses. Other routes were also rejected, the right subclavian artery due to aortic annulus angulation (>60°) and direct aortic access due to porcelain aorta (Figure 1). The minimum diameter of the left common carotid artery was 6.3 mm, so TAVI was scheduled. Cerebral magnetic resonance angiography was carried out to confirm the presence of collateral perfusion through the circle of Willis.

Figure 1.

(A) Three-dimensional computed tomography view of the supra-aortic vessels; (B and C) computed tomography of the supra-aortic vessels showing absence of stenosis in the left common carotid artery (black arrow); (D) porcelain aorta.

The procedure was performed in the catheterization laboratory, the team members being specially positioned for this approach (Figure 2). The proximal left common carotid artery was exposed under general anesthesia. Thereafter, sequential dilation of the carotid artery was performed and an 18F vascular access sheath was carefully advanced into the ascending aorta. The valve delivery system was then advanced and a 29 mm CoreValve Evolut R self-expanding prosthetic valve was successfully deployed. There was no residual gradient or significant aortic regurgitation (Figure 3, Video 1). The patient was discharged five days after the procedure without complications.

Figure 2.

(A) Radioscopic view of transcarotid access; (B) positioning of the team; (C) detail of the surgical exposure; (D) suture result four days after the procedure.

Figure 3.

(A) Delivery system coming from the carotid artery; (B) transvalvular positioning of the delivery system; (C) deployed prosthesis.

A transcarotid approach represents an alternative access route for TAVI in selected cases with no other suitable vascular approach.

Ethical disclosuresProtection of human and animal subjects

The authors declare that no experiments were performed on humans or animals for this study.

Confidentiality of data

The authors declare that no patient data appear in this article.

Right to privacy and informed consent

The authors declare that no patient data appear in this article.

Conflicts of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

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